Two things played an important role in shaping the history of the island. The mineral wealth and privileged position in the southwestern part of the Cyclades in the middle of the distance from mainland Greece to Crete. In prehistoric times, many experts argue that Apple made in mining obsidian stone even before inhabited the island. But certainly after the habitation of the island were treated Obsidian and export.
The archaeological site of Phylakopi even today visitors can see the features tailings from processing of obsidian, fine black sharp stones scattered in the settlement. In Greece Obsidian, this hard black volcanic rock, there is only in Milos and Nisyros. Due to the different composition of the rock archaeologists find articles of obsidian in various prehistoric excavations, they are able to recognize the origin of.
As in other Cycladic islands first inhabitants of the island are likely to be frames from the nearby coast of Asia Minor or navigators Phoenicians. Milos is involved in all phases of development of the Cycladic civilization. The next inhabitants of the island were Dorians from Laconia, carrying the center of the island since Phylakopi, Klima fortified settlement where they create.
The inhabitants of Milos honoring their ancestors, the first settlers Dorians, always cherished friendly feelings towards the Cathedral Sparta. The Doric origin also played a role during the Persian Wars, the tree was one of the few locals who resisted the Persians and even took part in the famous battle of Salamis proved the Greek supremacy at sea and in the battle of Plataea that sealed the victory the Greeks.
During the Peloponnesian war despite all the friendly feelings for Sparta, Milos wanted to keep neutrality and paid in the worst way. The Athenians conquered Apple in 416 BC, slaughtered all the men and sold the women and children as slaves. This black page in the history of the imperialist Athens described by Thucydides in the fifth book of the history of.
Dialogue and negotiations between the lords of the island and the Athenian representatives described by Thucydides in masterly fashion. This dialogue is a hymn to love freedom and free will and the other a condemnation of the fittest who cynically impose his will by force.
Despite the destruction, Milos was able to develop the following centuries, the Hellenistic era to find in full bloom. In this season of bloom comes the famous statue of Aphrodite that graces the halls of the Louvre. Bloom goes to the Roman era when completed and the ancient theater extant. During that time, Milos has a great christian community that builds catacombs for religious needs. After the Romans Milos follows the common fate of all the Cyclades and belonging successively to the Byzantines, the Duchy of Naxos and finally the Ottoman Empire. During the Ottoman Milos with volcanic formations becomes the anchorage and base for pirates and from that time we have left the place names Sarakiniko and kleftiko.
The Melian take an active part in the Greek revolution from the first moments of giving money and crews in the Revolutionary fleet. On 11 April 1821 the first naval success of the revolutionary forces in Greece is becoming a reality as the strait between Milos and Kimolos Spetsiot capture two Turkish ships. The Melian are known for their seamanship throughout the Mediterranean and especially in specialty pilot (navigator). It is characteristic that the pilot of the English fleet in the naval battle of Navarino, the death played a major role in the onset of the battle that led to the destruction of the Turkish fleet and the freedom of Greece was Milios Hero Petros Mikelis.
Since 1830, Milos follows the historic route of the poor fledgling Greek state. In 1836 Sfakians rebels find refuge in Milos and rooted in Adamas. Things change for the apple from interwar starting the intense exploitation of its mineral wealth, which continues until today and bring prosperity to the island. In recent years there and tourism development with the right infrastructure, new harbor, marina, good roads, museums, traditional villages, highlighting the particular person of the island and hotel accommodations every level in a wide variety.